It’s a topical thing at the moment with the price of bitcoin surging past the $4,000 mark and Goldman Sachs
going against JP Morgan
, and saying that they might even trade in it.
The conversation at this particular large bank’s meeting went along the lines of bitcoin being a broken model, it’s a bubble and you should definitely not invest in it. The reason for not investing is based upon two major factors:
1. Governments do not recognise it as a currency
When you’re dealing with money, 34% of all transactions is tax – corporation tax, personal tax, value added tax, employment tax, national insurance tax, etc. When a third of all payments are government taxes and governments don’t recognise your currency, then it is not a valid token of exchange.
2. It is not a store of value
You cannot predict the price of a bitcoin due to the fact that its supply does not match demand. That is why the price is increasing today and why it has such sudden drops in value, due to the supply and demand structure of bitcoin. There is, in other words, no monetary controls of the monetary supply. Unlike US dollars, where the Treasury might regularly be burning billions of dollars of physical notes to reduce supply when demand weakens, you cannot do that with bitcoin. This means that if I hold a dollar’s worth of bitcoin today, I cannot guarantee that in a year or two it will still be worth a dollar. It might be worth $1,000 or nothing in a year. That is no store of value and, to be a valid currency, you have to have certainty about its value in the future as a store of value.
For these two reasons, the bank dismisses bitcoin as a speculative asset class and no currency of the future. In fact, the CEO of the bank concluded that the most likely scenario is that real fiat currencies transition towards fiat digital currencies over time, but that no new currency would ever take over.
I’m not sure I agreed with this assessment of the world. I’m not a bitcoin fundamentalist or promoter, and believe it has far too many technical flaws today to ever be a reliable global currency, but I do believe there will be a global currency in the future.
Global currency, breaking down national barriers
A banker pulled me up on this in one of my recent presentations, saying that he was surprised that I was promoting the idea of a global currency in the future as no nation would recognise a global currency. Currencies – money – is all about government and the economies of nation states. For a global currency to take off, you would have to remove the walls of the nation states.
I would argue that this is true, but it is happening whether nation states like it or not. The internet is global and the internet is demanding a global currency. The internet does not recognise national borders and, as the network grows more and more pervasive through the internet of things and the mobile network, is demanding that we create a global value transfer mechanism that is fast and free.
The internet is global and the internet is demanding a global currency.
A currency of currencies
Bitcoin offers that promise but, due to scalability and cost, it does not make sense in its current form. However, there will be bitcoin 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and more iterations and validations and corrections over the next decade, and eventually there will be a digital currency for Planet Earth. This digital currency may be tied to a basket of fiat currencies – the dollar, euro, yuan, yen and pound – and those fiat currencies may also now be digitalised, so you have a double digital currency. A currency of currencies. A currency recognised by the G20 as a valid cross-border exchange mechanism that can be taxed, even with a network that does not recognise nation states or borders.
Eventually there will be a digital currency for Planet Earth
This will be challenging but seems inevitable given the fact that the trend towards globalisation is unstoppable. We talked about globalisation a lot ten years ago as the BRICS emerged, and that discussion seems to have died down since the global financial crisis hit. Everyone wants to retreat to nation states and domestic focus, as evidenced by the votes for Brexit and Donald Trump. But I think globalisation is creeping upon us no matter how much we resist or ignore it. That is why our globalised network of digitalisation gives us: a global platform for talk, trade and commerce; and, if you have a global platform for trade then, inevitably, you have to a have a global currency to support such global trade.
A currency for a multi-planetary world
The currency for Planet Earth also makes absolute sense as we talk about become a multi-planetary species. You might not talk about that but NASA, Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson are. The agenda for building human life on other planets is well under way, with Mars colonisation planned by 2040. If we end up being a species living in a harmonised Planet Earth, then a currency for Planet Earth also makes senses. It just makes sense, regardless of the dismissive views of nation state bankers.
So, roll on bitcoin of the future. Meanwhile, if you don’t like this idea, go join the worldwide campaign against globalisation.
Chris Skinner is a Non-Executive Director at 11:FS.
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